Luxembourg Travel Guide 2024

2024 Luxembourg Vacation Guide

Across the border from the Belgian province of Luxembourg, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is one of Europe’s smallest sovereign states, a tiny independent principality with a population of around 420,000. As a country, it’s relatively neglected by travelers. Most people tend to write it off as a dull and expensive financial center, but this is a mistake. Compared to much of Europe, its attractions are indeed fairly low-key, and it is pricey, but it does have marvelous scenery in abundance: the green hills of the Ardennes spreading over the border to form a glorious heartland of deep wooded valleys spiked with sharp craggy hilltops crowned with castles.

The capital, dramatically-sited Luxembourg City, is almost impossible to avoid if you’re not traveling by car. Home to something like a fifth of the population, it is the country’s only genuinely urban environment, and well worth one or two nights’ stay. The central part of Luxembourg is, however, even more spectacular, rucking up into rich green hills and valleys that reach their climax in the narrowing north of the country around Echternach, a tiny town dominated by its ancient abbey, and Vianden, with its magnificent castle.

Once part of the Spanish and later Austrian Netherlands, Luxembourg today is an independent constitutional monarchy. Although everyone speaks the indigenous language, Letzebuergesch – a dialect of German that sounds a bit like Dutch – most also speak French and German, and many speak English too. Indeed, multilingualism is one of Luxembourg’s most admirable features and different languages are favored for different purposes – French is the official language of the government and judiciary, the one you’ll see on street signs and suchlike, whilst German is the language most used by the press.

Top attractions in Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City, the charming capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered by travelers seeking a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. From ancient fortifications to modern architectural marvels, this city offers a plethora of captivating attractions that will leave you in awe.

One of the must-visit landmarks in Luxembourg City is the UNESCO-listed Luxembourg Old Town, known as the Grund. With its narrow cobblestone streets, picturesque squares, and stunning views of the Alzette River, this historic neighborhood takes you back in time. Explore the medieval casemates, and underground tunnels that once served as a defense system, and immerse yourself in the city’s rich past.

A day in Luxembourg city
A day in Luxembourg city by Random__Alex

For art enthusiasts, the MUDAM (Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean) is a true masterpiece. Designed by renowned architect I.M. Pei, this contemporary art museum showcases a diverse collection of modern and contemporary artworks. Wander through its striking exhibition spaces and be inspired by the innovative creations on display.

No visit to Luxembourg City is complete without marveling at the grandeur of the Grand Ducal Palace. This official residence of the Grand Duke is an architectural masterpiece that reflects the city’s regal heritage. Admire its intricate façade, witness the Changing of the Guard ceremony, and explore the palace’s opulent rooms during the summer months.

Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Luxembourg City, Luxembourg by LenDog64

Nature lovers will find solace in the beautiful Pétrusse Valley, a verdant oasis nestled within the city. Stroll along the peaceful walking paths, cross the charming stone bridges, and revel in the tranquility of the surrounding greenery. The Pétrusse Casemates, a network of underground tunnels, adds an element of mystery and intrigue to this natural attraction.

For a taste of modern Luxembourg, head to the Kirchberg Plateau. This district is home to stunning contemporary architecture, including the iconic European Court of Justice and the Philharmonie Luxembourg. Take a walk along the Avenue John F. Kennedy, lined with sleek office buildings and bustling restaurants, and soak in the city’s vibrant atmosphere.

Historic charm of Vianden

As you wander through the winding cobblestone streets, you’ll be captivated by the well-preserved medieval architecture that adorns every corner. One of the most iconic landmarks in Vianden is the magnificent Vianden Castle, perched atop a hill overlooking the town. This fairy-tale fortress, dating back to the 11th century, is a sight to behold. Its towering turrets, fortified walls, and panoramic views of the surrounding countryside make it a must-visit attraction.

Vianden village
Vianden village by iursu

A stroll along the riverbank of Our offers a peaceful escape, where you can admire the reflection of the colorful houses that line the water’s edge. The charming cafes and restaurants that dot the streets beckon you to indulge in the local cuisine, offering a perfect opportunity to savor traditional Luxembourgish dishes.

For history enthusiasts, a visit to the Victor Hugo House is a must. This museum, once the residence of the famous French writer, provides a glimpse into his life and works during his exile in Vianden. The beautifully restored rooms and exhibits offer a fascinating insight into the literary legacy of Victor Hugo.

If you’re seeking outdoor adventure, the surrounding natural beauty of Vianden will not disappoint. From hiking trails that wind through lush forests to cycling routes that take you to hidden valleys, the region offers ample opportunities to reconnect with nature.

As the sun sets over Vianden, the town takes on a magical ambiance. The ancient buildings are bathed in a warm glow, and the sound of music and laughter fills the air. The lively atmosphere invites you to join in the festivities and mingle with the friendly locals.


Echternach is renowned for its picturesque surroundings, boasting lush green forests, rolling hills, and the meandering Sauer River. Nature enthusiasts will find themselves in awe as they explore the well-preserved Mullerthal region, also known as “Little Switzerland.” This stunning area is characterized by its unique rock formations, dense woodlands, and mystical caves, making it a paradise for hikers and adventurers seeking to immerse themselves in the wonders of the natural world.

Luxembourg - Echternach
Luxembourg – Echternach by Harshil.Shah

One of the highlights of Echternach is the breathtakingly beautiful Lake Echternach. Its crystal-clear waters sparkle under the sunlight, inviting visitors to take a refreshing dip or simply bask in the tranquil atmosphere. Surrounded by verdant forests, the lake offers a peaceful setting for picnics, leisurely walks, or simply unwinding amidst nature’s embrace.

Echternach is also home to the famous Echternach Abbey, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates back to the 7th century. This architectural marvel showcases a harmonious blend of Romanesque and Gothic styles, leaving visitors marveling at its grandeur and historical significance.

For those seeking cultural immersion, Echternach hosts an array of annual events and festivals, including the renowned Echternach International Festival. This vibrant celebration of music and dance attracts artists from around the world, filling the town’s streets with captivating performances and a lively atmosphere.

Luxembourg’s castles

Luxembourg boasts a captivating landscape adorned with enchanting castles that seem straight out of a fairytale. From the moment you set foot in this picturesque country, you will be transported to a world of medieval charm and rich history.

One cannot miss the grandeur of Vianden Castle, perched high on a hill overlooking the quaint town of Vianden. As you approach the castle, you will be awestruck by its impressive towers and fortified walls that stand as a testament to its former glory. Step inside, and you will be greeted with opulent rooms adorned with exquisite tapestries, antique furniture, and medieval weaponry. The panoramic views from the castle’s battlements are simply breathtaking, offering a glimpse of the surrounding lush forests and the meandering Our River.

Luxembourg - Vianden city and castle
Luxembourg – Vianden city and castle by Stefan Wittebol Photography

Another hidden gem is the stunning Bourscheid Castle, nestled amidst the idyllic countryside. Surrounded by a picturesque valley and the meandering Sûre River, this medieval fortress exudes an aura of mystery and intrigue. As you wander through its well-preserved ruins, you will unravel tales of knights, battles, and royal dynasties. The panoramic views from the castle’s vantage points are nothing short of extraordinary, making it a photographer’s paradise.

For a truly unique experience, head to the enchanting Castle of Larochette. Located on a rocky promontory, this castle offers a mesmerizing blend of Romanesque and Gothic architecture. The surrounding landscape, with its rolling hills and dense forests, adds to the castle’s allure, creating a fairytale-like ambiance that is sure to captivate your imagination.

Luxembourg’s wine country

Luxembourg’s wine country in the scenic Moselle Valley is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered by wine enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. With its picturesque vineyards, charming villages, and rich winemaking traditions, this region offers a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors.

The Moselle Valley, stretching along the Luxembourgish and German borders, is home to some of the most stunning vineyards in the world. The steep slopes of the valley are covered with lush green vines that produce exceptional wines, mainly white and sparkling varieties. The cool climate and mineral-rich soils create the perfect conditions for cultivating grapes with distinct flavors and aromas.

Mosel valley wine tour
Mosel valley wine tour by rightee

As you explore the region, you’ll have the opportunity to visit quaint wineries and cellars, where passionate winemakers will share their knowledge and guide you through tastings of their finest creations. From crisp Rieslings to elegant Pinot Blancs, each sip will transport you to a world of unique flavors, reflecting the terroir and craftsmanship of the Moselle Valley.

Beyond wine tasting, the Moselle Valley offers breathtaking landscapes that will captivate your senses. Take a leisurely stroll along the riverbanks, surrounded by rolling hills and vine-covered slopes. Admire the charming villages dotted along the valley, with their half-timbered houses and ancient castles perched on hilltops. Immerse yourself in the tranquility of nature, with hiking and cycling trails meandering through vineyards and forests, providing panoramic views at every turn.

To enhance your experience, consider planning your visit during one of the region’s lively wine festivals. These vibrant celebrations showcase the local culture, gastronomy, and, of course, the wines. Join in the festivities, indulge in traditional Luxembourgish cuisine, and raise a glass with locals and fellow travelers, creating memories that will last a lifetime.

Food in Luxembourg

Luxembourg boasts a rich culinary heritage that draws inspiration from its neighboring countries such as France, Germany, and Belgium. From hearty traditional dishes to sophisticated gourmet creations, the gastronomy in Luxembourg offers a diverse range of options for food enthusiasts.

One must not miss the opportunity to indulge in Luxembourg’s national dish, Judd mat Gaardebounen. This flavorful dish consists of smoked pork collar served with boiled broad beans and potatoes. The tender and smoky pork combined with the earthy flavors of the beans create a harmonious and satisfying culinary experience.
Cheese lovers will rejoice in Luxembourg as the country boasts an impressive selection of artisanal cheeses. From creamy Brie de Luxembourg to pungent Mielsschmelz, there is a cheese for every palate. Pair these delectable cheeses with a glass of local wine or beer for a truly indulgent experience.

Judd mat Gaardebounen
Judd mat Gaardebounen and Beer” by Jpatokal

Luxembourg City, the capital of the country, is a culinary haven with numerous Michelin-starred restaurants and trendy eateries. These establishments offer innovative and creative dishes that showcase the finest local and seasonal ingredients. From fine dining to cozy cafes, you can explore a wide range of culinary experiences in the heart of Luxembourg City.

For those seeking a more authentic and rustic experience, the charming villages and countryside of Luxembourg offer traditional taverns and farm-to-table restaurants. Here, you can savor hearty dishes such as Bouneschlupp, a traditional green bean soup, or Gromperekichelcher, crispy potato pancakes served with apple sauce.

No culinary journey in Luxembourg would be complete without sampling the country’s sweet treats. Luxembourg is renowned for its delectable pastries and desserts, including the famous Gromperekichelcher and the indulgent Quetschentaart, a plum tart that will melt in your mouth.

Luxurious accommodations and unique stays

If you’re seeking a luxurious experience, look no further than the renowned five-star hotels that grace the cityscape of Luxembourg City. These opulent establishments provide impeccable service, lavish amenities, and breathtaking views of the city’s historic landmarks. Indulge in spa treatments, fine dining experiences, and elegant suites that exude comfort and sophistication.

For those who prefer a more intimate and personalized experience, consider staying at one of the country’s charming boutique hotels. These hidden gems offer a unique blend of luxury, character, and local charm. From beautifully restored historical buildings to contemporary design hotels, you’ll find yourself immersed in a world of elegance and tranquility.

Hotel de Ville de Luxembourg
Hotel de Ville de Luxembourg by Chiva Congelado

If you’re looking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city, Luxembourg’s countryside offers an array of unique stays that will captivate your senses. Imagine staying in a rustic yet luxurious farmhouse surrounded by rolling hills and lush vineyards. Wake up to the sound of birds chirping, take leisurely walks through picturesque landscapes, and immerse yourself in the serenity of nature.

For the adventurous souls, consider staying in a castle or château that has been converted into a hotel. These magnificent properties offer a glimpse into Luxembourg’s rich history and provide an extraordinary setting for your vacation. From grand ballrooms to beautifully landscaped gardens, you’ll feel like royalty as you explore the intricate architecture and elegant interiors.

In addition to traditional accommodations, Luxembourg also offers unique stays that cater to the more adventurous travelers. Stay in a charming treehouse nestled in the forest, or book a cozy cabin by a tranquil lake. These unconventional options allow you to reconnect with nature while enjoying the comforts of modern amenities.

Final Word

We hope you enjoyed our ultimate Luxembourg vacation guide, where we uncovered the hidden gems of this enchanting destination. Luxembourg may be small in size, but it is big in charm and offers a wealth of experiences for travelers. From its picturesque castles to its quaint villages and stunning natural landscapes, there is something for everyone to discover. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover, or simply seeking a unique European adventure, Luxembourg has it all. So pack your bags, get ready to explore, and let the hidden gems of this amazing country captivate you. Bon voyage!

Share on: